This Brochure is intended to give you information on Merchant Shipping and help you to choose your future career in ships a career which is professionally sound and satisfying, Merchant Shipping means trading in commercial commodities such as general cargo Industrial goods Oil Tanker Chemical Tanker, liquid cargo, live stocks, gas etc. Which are transported by sea going ships on International waters between various countries of the world. This is primarily a male oriented career, although there is no legal bar for females taking up this profession.
The career provides an opportunity for person to visit and acquaint with nationals of various countries and learn many things highly demand for Indian seafarers in international market
Our goal is to educate the youth of India about merchant navy to make a career on sea in this regard we conducted one day seminar on awareness on merchant navy in Srinagar on 29th June 2009 most of the youth from these three state Jammu & Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh & Sikkim, not aware about merchant navy, most of the youth benefited from employment in merchant navy except these three states
Before taking up a job on a merchant ship it is necessary that the candidates should undergo training, the objective being the safe and efficient operation of the ship by trained men’s. The ships of today are highly sophisticated and technology intensive and naturally manning ships with men of professional ability and dedication to duty is imperative.
The training in India covers G.P. Rating course, Deck Cadet and engine cadet, All this courses are conducted as per guidelines framed by The Directorate General of shipping in co-ordination with Indian Maritime University and therefore the candidates get trainings of exceptionally high standards, Even Ships officers are of shipping in co-ordination with Indian Maritime University and therefore the candidates get trainings of exceptionally high standards, Even Ships officers are made to go through very high quality syllabus where after they are required to pass written and oral examination. These examinations are conducted by MMD in the presence of a panel of LBS/MMD consisting of DG Nautical Surveyor in the case of Deck officer and Engineer surveyor in the case of Engineers, in view of this background, Indian seafarers are the most sought after in the Shipping Industry worldwide. Needless to say Indian seafarers are in high demand and are highly paid.
One more thing we wish to bring to your knowledge is that Merchant Shipping is one of the most secure Industries in the world market. The Directorate General of Shipping has ensured that no seafarers will face any problem after serving on board a vessel. The Directorate has introduced a uniform and transparent procedure enabling them to keep a watch on the function of a recruiting agency. They have made it mandatory for all the manning and management companies to submit their application in the first place to get the recruitment and placement license. The procedure for issue of such a license involves a checking by The Director, Seaman’s employment office to find on whether the applicant Manning Agent is fulfilling The Directorate General of Shipping guidelines or not. The Semen’s Employment office have appointed Indian Register of Shipping whose surveyor visits the Manning Agent office and strictly checks the manning producer, company manuals etc. It is only on their being satisfied that The Manning Agent functions strictly as per the guidelines of The Directorate General of Shipping, The Surveyor of The Indian Register of Shipping submits his favorable report with the copy to Seamen’s Employment office. This whole procedure is also to ensure whether any Foreign or Indian principal who has placed an order for manning their vessel has fully insured the vessel or not as also the validity of insurance to secure the welfare of crew as well as their next of kin.
There is one more body to look after the welfare of crew members and that is National Union of Seafarers of India. They constantly keep a check on whether the crews on board vessel get proper hygienic food or not, whether they get proper wages in time, etc. It not they immediately hold the Manning Agent to find out the reason. Even in eventualities like failure of ships engine, problems of piracy on high seas, the NUSI, immediately take up the matter with local government as will as international Transport federation (ITF) to take care of The situation and to ensure safety of crew on board the ship. This organization (NUSI) also looks medical expenses of seafarer and their family, sponsor their children’s education and generally extend financial support to their members till last day of their life. Apart from NUSI there is one more organization Sena Seamen’s Union of India- which is sincerely dedicated to attend to the grievance of seaman and help to secure their legitimate rights, irrespective of whether the seaman are their members or not. This organization too is an approved member of ITF.
All in all a career on sea is very attractive, remunerative as also safe and secure. The entire set up is under the care of Governmental Departments to ensure welfare of seafarers. The Merchant shipping sector offers golden opportunities’ for educated youth to make a wonderful career for life.
A) Deck Cadet / Engine Cadet
B) G. P. Rating / C) Saloon Rating
Deck Cadet / Engine Cadet: This course will lead directly to Officer Grade. Candidate must take Science, Mathematics & English during 10 + 2 and pass with minimum 55% marks, than he will be eligible to get admission for said course. Age limit is maximum 25 years. This course is for 12 Months, conducted by Indian govt. recognized University commencing from 1st. February and 1st. August every year. After Passing this course he is eligible to join on the vessel as a deck cadet or engine cadet. SC/ST will be 3 years relaxation for age.
After completion of course candidate can join the vessel and after getting 18 months ship sailing experience he will attend all advance courses and GMDSS in the case of deck cadet and they can appear for Second Mate/ Class IV Engineer examination.
G.P. Rating: Pass in 10th standard from a recognized Board with Science, Mathematics and English as subjects. Candidates should have 40% in aggregate in 10th standard and (40% in English either in 10th or in +2.
Must have completed 17 ½ years and must be below 25 years of age as on date of commencement of course.
All the candidates should be physically fit for the sea service as per Merchant Shipping Act (Medical Examination for Seafarers) Rules, 2000. Eyesight should be 6/6 with normal vision – no colour blindness and height – 158 cm, weight – more than 50 kgs.
Following documents require while taking admission:
4 - Attested copies of School leaving Certificate.
4 - Attested copies of S.S.C. / higher Certificate.
4 - Attested copies of S.S.C. / higher Mark sheet.
4 - Recent colour photographs. (Size: 40 mm X 30 mm).
2 - Attested copies of Birth Certificate
Any other Certificates apart from higher educations.
All the copies should be attested by School / College Principal only
Pass Port is must while taking admission or Pass Port application submission receipt.
This course commencing from 1st. January and 1st. July every year.
After completion of training candidate can join the vessel and after getting 18 months ship sailing experience you can appear for Second Mate written examination and can complete advance courses and GMDSS for deck candidate only. Your orals examination you can attend once ship sailing experience complete total 36 months.
Saloon Rating:- To join this course candidate must pass 10th. Standard Exam with 40% marks in English subject. This course is for six month commencing from 1st. January and 1st. July and became Maritime Catering Boy.
There are several other options to join the engine department:
A) ITI Trade Certificate - ITI Trade Certificate of two years full time duration in Engineering trades passed out from ITI approved by NCVT or State Technical Education Boards, and approved by Directorate General of employment Training (DGET),can also apply. They can join as Fitters. First batch commencing from July, 2011.
B) Apprenticeship from the naval dockyard/machinist coast guard/Indian Navy can enter on taking Part A of the Marine engineer Class IV exam. They can join as junior engineers.
C) BE Electrical/Electronic followed by 18 months training in approved marine workshops, basic safety courses and Part A of Marine Engineering Class IV exam can join the engine department.
D) Diploma holder in Mechanical/Ship building/Electrical Marine engineering branches followed by 2 years marine workshop training, MEO Part A exam and basic safety courses join as junior engineers or can join 2 year trainee marine engineering course.
E) XII with PCM and English with 50% can enter through 4 year workshop training route with 60% marks in the Marine Engineering course. They undergo 3 year course at an approved institute and become associate members of the Institution of Engineers and join merchant vessels as junior engineers. They complete sea time and take relevant courses and give the Class IV Certificate of Competency examination.
F) Engineers from any discipline can do a one year marine engineering course from a training institution.
G) BE Ship building/Ship Architecture (4 yrs.) entitles candidates to join 2 year trainee marine engineering course. BE Mech/Ship Architecture with 50% can join 1 year trainee marine engineering course.
H) Candidate cross his age above 25 years and he can speak English well than he can join U.K. GMDSS Course and STCW, 95 advance courses and he can apply for Indian CDC which will help candidate to join Merchant Navy as Radio Officer or Ships clerk or ordinary seamen.
WHAT YOU LEARN DURING TRAINING:
1.An understanding of the duties of a rating on board, the ship’s daily routine and operations on the ship.
2. Practical knowledge of handling ropes, blocks, tackles, rigging and the basics of cargo work and stowage.
3. Basic knowledge of the ship’s compass, steering orders and hints on steering.
4. Basic Engineering knowledge, watch keeping duties and maintenance.
5. Familiarization with tools, equipment and instruments used on board ship.
6. Safety point of view Knots are important and same you will learn in safety period.
7. On a boat, knots seem to give way at the worst time. The winds are up. The seas are rising; your sloop is close hauled to slip around the breakwater to safety when your sheet parts company with your jib and you start to slip leeward into the rocks. While there are many knots used on board boats and ships, these basics will enable to you to handle 98% of what is needed for recreational boating.
8. Practical workshop training in basic carpentry, machine shop, electrical shop, diesel maintenance shop and hot work. The principles of survival at sea, The importance and principles of safety, following safe working practices, accident prevention and prevention of pollution of the sea.
9. Elementary knowledge of the principles of fire fighting.
10. Knowledge of elementary first-aid.
11. The importance of good discipline.
Apart from above following practicals will be given during the training period:
1 Personal Survival Techniques (P.S.T).
2. Personal Safety & Social Responsibilities (P.S.S.R).
3. Elementary First Aid (E.F.A.).
4. Fire Prevention & Fire Fighting (F.P.F.F.).
5. Oil Tanker Familiarization Course (O.T.F.C.).
After successful completion of Pre-sea Training, STCW Modular Courses, a Candidate is awarded with following Certificates and Documents on behalf of D.G. Shipping, Govt. of India :
1.Course Completion Certificate for Pre-sea Training Course.
2.Individual Certificate for all STCW Modular Courses.
3.Continuous Discharge Certificate (CDC)
CDC for a seafarer is the most important document which is an identity of Indian Seafarer to sail on various categories of Ships, engaged in Coastal/Foreign waters. It is also an evidence and report of entire tenure of sea service of a seafarer. It is mandatory for seafarers in order to serve on board any ship. The Institute arranges for the issuance of Indian CDC for its candidates on successful completion of the entire training. The Indian CDC will be issued by the Shipping Master, Mercantile Marine Department, Mumbai, under the directive of The Directorate General of Shipping to the trainees of Indian Nationality. Once you get these documents in hand than candidate can eligible to join Merchant Navy.
Merchant Navy is one of the few careers where the salary is relatively high. It can range anywhere between Rs. 12000 to Rs.8 lakhs per month though the pay structure differ from company to company, city to city, the export-import needs, seniority etc. all crew and officers are given free meals on board and senior officers can take along their wives for the voyage. Usually emolument in a foreign vessels are higher specially the West European, U.S and the Gulf. Every officer and crew of the merchant navy working on board a vessel which is carrying foreign cargo is entitled to 75% of his net earnings in foreign exchange.
Life in merchant navy can be adventurous for all those with wanderlust. The long period of solitude notwithstanding, the opportunity to see the world and get paid while doing so, just cannot be argued away.
Further we would like to bring to your kind information that throughout your life you need not have to sail on ships after some experience you deck officers and marine engineers they have facility that if they wish to settle down in a shore job in this case you will compromise with the wages. Options for various marine related jobs as follows:
1. Surveyors and Examiners employed by Government of India (Mercantile Marine Department, Indian Registry of Shipping and Directorate General of Shipping).
2. Surveyors in various Classification Societies.
3. Surveyors in various private organizations for settlement of insurance claims, damage assessment and cargo calculations, etc.
4. Trainers in various Director General of Shipping approved private Institutes.
5. Deck Officers also can join as a Pilots employed by Port Trust in Major Ports.
6. Technical Superintendents many private companies offer to look after various type of work i.e. chartering, brokering, fixture of ships to carry cargo, sale and purchase of ships, ships operation and ships manning.
Deck Officers : - The officers from this branch primarily look after the ships navigation, loading/unloading of cargo and the general maintenance and administration of the ship. The officer joins in the rank of 3rd officer and is subsequently promoted to the rank of 2nd officer, Chief Officer and finally the Master of the ship. Off course, the promotions are subject to the individual passing his competency exams and his performance onboard the ship. In addition to navigation duties, normally a 3rd Officer looks after the life saving appliances, 2nd Officer the passage planning and the navigation equipment, medicine and health related issue, the Chief Officer looks after the loading and discharging of cargo and the Master is the overall in-charge of the ship. \
1.Master: Over all in charge of the Ship. The captain ensures that the ship complies with local and International laws as well as company policies. The captain is ultimately responsible for aspects of operation such as the safe navigation of the ship, its cleanliness and seaworthiness, safe handling of all cargo, management of all personnel and maintaining the ship's certificates and documentation.
2.Chief Officer: Second in charge of the Ship Navigation (Driving) 4 Hrs. duration. As cargo officer, a chief mate oversees the loading, stowage, securing and unloading of cargoes. Moreover the chief mate is accountable for the care of cargo during the voyage. This includes a general responsibility for the ship’s stability and special care for cargoes that are dangerous, hazardous or harmful.
3.Second Officer: A second mate is almost always a watch keeper in port and at sea the second mate is responsible to the captain for keeping the ship, its crew, and its cargo safe for eight hours each. He is also known as navigation officer, who plots courses and takes celestial and terrestrial fixes. In peacetime he is the communications officer but the naval officer in charge of the armed guard crew is rapidly assuming those duties because many of the messages now received are in secret code. The second mate also handles the after deck when tying up.
4.Third Officer:This category always keeps duty along with the Master. He is responsible for all life-saving equipment. In addition, the third mate keeps the ship’s log, follows the captain’s orders, and assists in the navigation of the vessel. In port, he will assist or supervise in the loading and discharging of cargo. His place is on the bridge with the captain while docking.
Radio Officers : The Radio Officers looks after all the electronic communication and meantime related records. In addition, he also looks after electronic Navigation aids such as measuring devices, long range navigation equipment and global positioning system etc. However, electronic navigation aids such as radar, depth this category of personnel has been almost phased out and their duties passed over to other deck officers. To be qualified as Radio Officer an individual need to attend a two week GMDSS course. However now days the job prospects are very limited as Captain, Chief Officer and Third Officer are qualify for Radio Officer job
Ratings: - There are three kinds of ratings - deck, engine room and catering. Deck rating is responsible for cargo handling, mooring/ unmooring and general maintenance of the ship. Similarly the engine room ratings assist the engineering officers in maintenance and operation of engines and associated equipment. The catering crew consists of Steward/Cooks and as the name suggests, they look after the catering and the house keeping of officer’s cabin.
Bosun: He takes the daily routine work order from Master and distributes the work to his subordinate hands.
A. B. : Must be able to perform any deck duties aside from the actual navigation of the vessel. In general his duties include the ability to splice wire or fiber line, to work aloft and over the side of the ship, to operate the deck machinery such as the windlass or winches, to paint and mix paint, to know the principles of cargo stowage, to be a good wheelsman and competent lookout, to overhaul and install any running or standing rigging on the ship, and to be able to sew, repair and mend canvas.
The A.B. must be a competent and certified life boatman, able to handle a lifeboat under oars or sail. He must know lifeboat equipment and be able to assume the duties of the man in charge of the lifeboat. It will also be the duty of the AB to maintain the bridge in a clean and shipshape condition.
O.S. : Ordinary Seamen member of the deck department. They are supporting hands on the vessel, whose duties actually are to assist the able seaman. In reality, however, he is the deck utility man and may be called upon to do any one of many tasks.
Second Engineer: He is also responsible like Chief Engineer to monitor Main Engine and other related auxiliary machinery.
Third Engineer: The Third Engineer is usually in charge of boilers, fuel, auxiliary engines, condensate and feed systems, and is the third most senior marine engineer on board. Depending on usage, The Second Engineer or Third Engineer is also typically in charge of fueling granted the officer holds a valid Person In Charge endorsement for fuel transfer operations.
Fourth Engineer: He is assisting to Chief Engineer during his watch.
Trainee Electrical Officer's Course (Approved by D.G.Shipping)
This training programmed prepares Electrical, Electronic Engineers to be employable on merchant ships as Electrical Officers. After serving a stipulated period on ships and passing the COC exams, they can become Chief Engineer of Merchant Navy ships. Successful candidates are eligible for Campus Placements in leading shipping companies.
ITI Three years training candidate also can join merchant navy after completing four senior Courses as per STCW” 95 standards. In this case candidate will be selected by company and Sponsor for training to get knowledge of Generators, Deep freezers, Air condition, Inverter and Converter circuit and after successful training they will give sponsorship letter for obtaining CDC Book from Shipping Master, Mumbai.
Electrical Officer: Is responsible for the functioning and handling of all electrical equipment onboard the vessel such as maintenance of Generators, Deep freezers, Air condition and total Electrical system on deck, accommodations and engine room.
Oiler: An oiler is a worker whose main job is to oil machinery. As a member of the engineering department, the oiler operates and maintains the propulsion and other systems onboard the vessel. The oiler's watch at sea is of four hours, with eight hours off in between. In port on some vessels, his duties consist of day work, while on other vessels his watch is eight hours long, with sixteen hours off in between.
During his watch, the oiler is probably called upon to do one or all of the following. Pump out the bilges, pump up fresh water or ballast tanks, keep an eye on the water level in the boilers and on the fireman, take temperatures of the stack, sea water, filter box, and feed water for entrance into the logbook, keep oil wiped up off the floor plates and gratings, and on some ships he has a station to keep clean.
In port his work consists mainly of oiling the auxiliaries, and in assisting in the maintenance and repair of the plant. He may be called upon to oil and watch the cargo winches during the night if the cargo is being worked at that time.
Wiper: A wiper is the most junior crew member in the engine room of a ship. He do cleaning job in engine room and helping Oiler & Duty Officer in their routine maintenance work. He is an all-around worker in the Engine Department of an oil-fired vessel. His is the only position open in that department for beginners and others not qualified in the more responsible ratings. The wiper washes paintwork, chips, scrapes, paints, and performs all those various duties tending to maintain the machinery spaces in a clean condition.
Where overhauling and repair work of boilers and machinery is carried on, the wiper helps in various ways, and it is through the knowledge that he gains while doing this work that he prepares himself for advancement.
Since he is first, last, and always a seaman, he should be familiar with nautical terms. He should realize the importance of emergency drills, know his stations in each, and be able to fulfill his part should the necessity arise to combat fire or abandon ship. As an engine department worker he should have an interest in mechanics, and be familiar with the names and the purposes of all the units in the power plant of the vessel.
Generally he is a day worker, and is not assigned to a watch. He should, as quickly as possible, familiarize himself with the hazards of using oil fuels, and operating pressure vessels.
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